The life and times of pope urban ii

The life and times of pope urban ii

Robert continued: When Pope Urban had said these However, by this time, Urban had helped launch the First Crusade and was immensely popular. His major rival in this effort was Henry IV , emperor of the Holy Roman Empire , a loose collection of German kingdoms that lasted from the tenth to the nineteenth century. By , he was the grand prior there, the second-in-command. This eastern Christian empire was coming under attack by a new force in the Middle East , the Seljuk Turks, who emerged from Central Asia and subsequently converted to Islam. At the Council of Clermont held in November , Urban II's sermon proved one of the most effective single speeches in European history, as he summoned the attending nobility and the people to wrestle the Holy Land from the hands of the Seljuq Turks: I, or rather the Lord, beseech you as Christ's heralds to publish this everywhere and to persuade all people of whatever rank, foot-soldiers and knights, poor and rich, to carry aid promptly to those Christians and to destroy that vile race from the lands of our friends. All told, between 60, and , people responded to Pope Urban's call to march on Jerusalem. Henry's cause was steadily growing weaker, and Urban hurried north to hold a council at Piacenza in the interests of peace and reform.

Europe during the Middle Ages was filled with knights, specially trained mounted soldiers who were bound to behave honorably. Cowdrey, H.

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In the first week of Marcha delegation from the Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus presented Urban with a request for help against the Turks.

In fact, between and all of the major political leaders in the Near and Middle East and North Africa had died. At Reims and Cluny, Odo gained experience in ecclesiastical policy and administration and made contacts with two important reform groups of his time: the canons regular—clergymen dedicated to the active service of the church, who live a strict life in community—and the monks of Cluny.

Usually kept away from Rome, [11] Urban toured northern Italy and France. Both king and archbishop were summoned to the council, and both failed to appear.

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Pope Urban II orders first Crusade